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Found 17 results

  1. Hello, I have done a free-size optimization with a displacement constraint and it has been successfully solved. However the strains are huge and the model fails. I would like to constrain the strains to obtain the optimized model. Now I have tried to do a free-size optimization with a "composite strain" constraint and then an error appears. I understand that stresses and strains are related, so I don't understand why this error appears if I have defined a 0.007 maximum strain. This is the error: *** ERROR # 1800 *** Stress/strain/force responses are applied to ply 1 which belongs to a topology or free-size domain. For stress-constrained topology or free-size optimization, please use the STRESS option on the design variable definition card. This is my Response panel: This is my Constraints panel: This is my Design Variable panel:
  2. COG constraint in optimization

    Hello, I am working on an optimization problem and COG is one of my constraints. The COG is defined in 3 ( x,y,z ) coordinates but while assigning the constraint, I am asked to enter only 1 value for upper and lower limit each. When I enter a value, how can I define which axis it will be applied to? Thanks, Muge Candogan
  3. Optimization constraints

    Hello, I have tried running a topology optimization on a simply supported beam. I defined the objective as min. mass but did not introduce any stress or deformation constraints. And the optimization gave results. Is it possible to run a topology optimization without constraints? Then based on which parameter the software optimizes the structure, does it automatically introduce constraints by itself? Thank you, Muge Candogan
  4. Creating Constraints

    What does this size value indicate while creating a constraint for certain nodes in HyperMesh ?
  5. Hello Friends, In my Optimization Inputs before I gave mass as constriant and I got new mass everytime in Responses Table. But now I Need volume also, for that I took one more volume Response and Volume constraint with lower bound Zero, so I can see what happen in upper bound. But it Shows nothing in Response Table. Please help... Thank you, Regards, Jay
  6. We want to do topology optimization on the hinge component (red) and the rest parts remain the same. The upper and lower surface of the pin (blue) is constrained (6DOF) and there is a 20N upward force on the edge of the door (yellow) We want the vertical deflection of the loading point on the door be less than 7 mm For now, we set the design constraint as the volume fraction value of the hinge, say 0.4 as the upper bound, and the objective is to minimize the compliance of the hinge. There are two questions: 1. After the topo opt, the linking area between the hinge and the door is really weak, as Figure 2 shown. Is it because that we only considered the compliance of the hinge and hypwework will not consider the linking problem between components? If we modify the design area a little bit (leave the linking area as undesigned space), can we solve this problem? Or there is other ways to deal with it? 2. After we got the topo result, we ran a FEA test and it showed that the deflection of the loading point exceeds the limit. Can we define a deflection limit as the design constraint before we run the topo opt? If so, how can we do that? If not, what can we do to minimize the deflection? (maybe we set a wrong objective?) Thank you!
  7. Hi everyone, I'm currently making a free-size composite optimization and I need to add Laminate thickness constraints to set's of elements throughout the part. Is this possible or do I need to have more than one laminate to achieve this? I've founded in the internet a release notes pdf and it says that this is possible but I can't find it in the optimization panel, only for the all laminate and not to a set of elems. Thank you for the help, Best regards, Gonçalo
  8. Constraints for groups of design variables

    Hello, I'm searching for an easy way to implement the following constraint for a group of design variables in an optimization study within the Hyperstudy interface. Let's assume we have the variables A, B, and C wich should be varied within the following ranges: A: Lower Bound: 0, Upper Bound: 1, Initial Value: 0.33 B: Lower Bound: 0, Upper Bound: 1, Initial Value: 0.33 C: Lower Bound: 0, Upper Bound: 1, Initial Value: 0.33 Whereas the general constraint A+B+C<=1 musn't be violated. My approach using the function "Link Variables" did not lead to an appropriate result. I would like to avoid a redefinition of the parameters within the solver input file (i.e. by A = A/(A+B+C), in consideration of the explicit assignment between the parameters defined by Hyperstudy and the "real" parameters used within the solver. Does anybody know of an convenient way to implement the constraints as described? Thank you for your efforts in advance. Cheers, Felix
  9. Dequations help

    Hello Optistruct users, I am attempting to run a topology optimization using dequations as a force constraint. I would like to obtain the reaction forces on a bolt (represented as a CBUSH) and calculate the shear forces on the bolt. The shear forces will be calculated using dequations since we can only obtain reaction forces in DOF 1-6 and shear is needed from both DOF 2 and 3 (in this case). I would then like to use the calculated reaction shear force as a constraint. My trouble is relating the reaction forces to the dequation. How do I reference these forces? I am assuming I will need to reference the node number as well. My other concern is relating the dequation to RESP2. When I try to create a response (using function as my response type) I get the response "a dequation must be selected and edited". I am not sure if this is due to my equation not having referenced any forces with my variables or not. Do I need to create my eqation in Hypermath? Being that the equation I need is already a built in funtion as rss I am thinking I do not need to use Hypermath. Also, if there is a better way to establish the same result I am open to suggestions. Thanks, LP
  10. Hi sir/Madam, in constraints panel i do not find any option to select local coordinate, how can i constraint only one degree of freedom with respect to local coordinate system ? and what is use of curve option in constraint panel ? Thank you...
  11. Hey all! I hope you can help me! I´m doing an optimization for a university project of a bracket but get no convergence and high constraint violations. The model: See the design volume (blue) in Screenshot 1. The yellow areas are not being optimized. There the loads are applied and the model is constrained at the two yellow areas on the top. I had to use TET10 elements because auf geometrical issues. 6 forces apply to the model. I use quite big elements but this is for doing quick calculations...I don´t want to wait 2 hours to see if it is working... but I think this should not be a problem here?! Optimization: I want to reduce the weight/volume. So objective is to minimze volume (I have tried Mass, volfrac). At the nodes, where I´ve applied the forces (basically in the middle of the yellow areas), I have set displacement constraints (betweent 0.5mm and 2mm). I use min member size controll of 0.4 and a stress constraint of 450(N/mm²) My Problem: The solver always reaches the iteration limit of 80 without converging below the tolerance and ist violating the constraints massively. (screenshot). I have tried to let the solver run 120 iterations but without any usable result. Here are the ones with 120 iterations: When I view the results given by the solver at iteration 80 it looks like it is about to find a solution that looks acceptable in my eyes. but the strange thing ist that the density values of the structure often are below 0.1 and not almost 1 as they shpould be. I have tried to check if it ist because of quite low loads (max about 165N) but with a scale factor of 10 the same element densities appear. Results with density values > 0.05: Results with density values > 0.2: Results with density values > 0.5: Has anybody an idea what I am doing wrong? Should I increase the number of iterations further?
  12. Hi, I have to run a topology optimisation on a simple structure, a kind of fixed-end beam with some loads applied . Known the maximum displacement I want to have, how can I perform a calculation of the compliance so that i can put it as upper bound in DCONSTRAINT settings? Thanks to anybody will answer Valentina
  13. Hi, This should (hopefully) be a quick Q&A. I have a surface (2-D meshed shell elements) and would like to apply a force constraint to the nodes on the mesh of this surface. My only wish is that the vector of the force constraint be perpendicular to the surface (like constant compression or tension at all points of the surface). Does anyone have experience in this? I was told equations might be where to start but I'm not entirely sure how to utilize that as I'm fairly new into exploring anything other than constant loads. I've attached an image file for better reference of the surface. Thanks! Dylan Stelzer
  14. The Definition of Compliance in HyperMesh

    Support Forum, Can anyone help me better understand the definition of Compliance and why we would use it in our models either as a constraint or as an objective function? Should the value of the constraint be a 0 to 1 value or any larger number? Compliance I know is designated as Strain Energy...am I the one choosing the units for that value? Is it better used as a constraint or an objective? If I want to use it in a dual thermal/structural loading model, should I use compliance/temperature as the constraint/objective? I'm really just looking for more help on this. My supervisor is asking a lot of questions about it and I don't have many answers. Any help is greatly appreciated! Thanks. Dylan Stelzer
  15. Defining constraint

    Hello Group I wanted to know whether its is possible to define output as a constraint in optimisation. I am validating my modell with frequency response test I want to vary values of Material properties like Emodulus, G modulus so that at certain frequencies Frequency Response Function FRF (velocity) is say (+\- 10 % ) of the FRF calculated by test. eg Vary values of E = 1000 mpa to 2000 mpa G= 200 mpa to 400 mpa so that at node 256 Frq frf (test) frf(simulation) 5hz 0.256 (+/- 0.01) of 0.256 10hz 0.586 (+- 0.01) of 0.586 15 hz 1.457 (+- 0.01) of 1.457 etc Is it possible to define constraint this way a suggestion or example tutorial would be quit helpful Thanks and Regards Pratik
  16. Hello @ all, Is it possible to lock a DOF in only one direction/way? For example: I want to block a DOF in the 'minus x direction', but it should be able to move in the positiv way. Is it possible and how to do this? Thanks for your help. Greets, Thomas
  17. Volume Fraction Calculation

    editied: Hi, I deleted the original question because it was ill-posed. The question was: How does the Volume Constraint work and how the understanding of it can help to better interpret optimization results. Here is what I learned after a conversation with Mr Grasmannsdorf from Altair: Volume Constraint means you want OptiStruct to calculate for example the stiffest (minimum compliance) structure with a certain volume fraction (VF), for arguments sake let's say 25% of the original volume of your design space. The VF references a virtual volume for the calculations, not your actual structure's volume! This is a bit confusing at first, because the help defines the VF as total volume at current iteration divided by the initial design volume. However the "volume at current iteration" is a virtual volume!!! Similar to the Young's Modulus, the virtual volume is a function of the element density. V_virtual_i = V_element_i * density Therefore the virtual volume is the integral over the design domain of the density values. The volume constraint then is V_virtual <= VF * Initial Volume ---- What's the meaning of this? The integral can be satisfied by either many elements with small density values or a lesser amount of elements with higher density values. The density value of the elements is updated via the strain energy during the iterations. Due to the optimization's surge for a maximum stiffness, the optimization solution strives to higher density values hence trying to eliminate elements with lower density values. For the interpretation best-practice has show that all elements above a density value of circa 0,3 corresponds to the desired VF of the structure. The exact density threshold for the VF depends on the amount of intermediate densities in the solution a therefore varies a little. I hope the helped you to understand how the volume constraint worked and helps you to a better understanding of topology optimizations Regards Hauke